Ariyankuppam river flows serenely with all casuarine trees on its bank. Together they surround a scenic beauty of Arikamedu. Its an ancient (200 B.C. – 200 A.D.) Indo-Roman Archaeological site. Arikamedu, meaning “eroding mud”, is in Kakkayanthope, at around seven Km from Puducherry (Pondicherry), a French Union Territory of India.
The Government has declared the area protected, under the Ancient Monuments and Sites Protection Act, 1958.
Various Roman artifacts like containers bearing the mark of Roman potter schools VIBII, CAMURI and ITTA have been found here, which support the claims that there was trade between Rome and ancient Tamil India. Various textiles, beads, terracotta artifacts and gold and semi precious jewellery were exported to Greco Roman ports and other countries in the East from Arikamedu. Arikamedu’s glass bead making site was considered as “mother of all bead centers” in the world.
British archaeologist Sir Mortimer Wheeler began excavation and documentation and his findings included typically Roman, exquisite roulette wares, dyeing vats used for the fabulous muslin of south India, loads of amphora with traces of wine in them, burial pots with a decipherable Roman stamp, besides hundreds of beads and semi-precious stones.
Revamp history by enjoying the picturesque beauty of Roman remains in India by visiting Arikamedu!!